Anastasia Dreliossi-Herakleidou (Ephorate of Antiquities of the Dodecanese) & Lisa Betina (Post-Doc researcher, Saxo Institute, University of Copenhagen), "Papachristodoulou-Karika plot in the necropolis of Rhodes: A place of burials, assemblies and ceremonies, and disposal"
In the first part of the lecture, the different phases of construction and use of an archaeological site in the central Rhodian necropolis – Papachristodoulou-Karika plot – between the 4th century BC and the 2nd /3rd century AD will be presented. Focus will be concentrated on the most important phase documented, when a large building complex with triclinium halls (andrones) has been erected. The architectural form is unique in the extended Hellenistic necropolis and it could be suggested that the building was intended as a place for the assemblies of the members of one or more associations. Relevant Rhodian epigraphic testimonies attest to celebrations, mortuary rites and ceremonies in honor and memory of the deceased; therefore, it might well be that such activities have been performed in the presented building complex.
The second part of the lecture is dedicated to the ceramic material remains found in a deep filling of black soil, deposited on the already abandoned building complex. Based on our preliminary results, the assemblage might most plausibly be interpreted as refuse, containing a high diversity of artefacts originally associated to domestic, sepulchral and production contexts. Typo-chronological studies of the ceramic artefacts combined with a natural-scientific approach allow a reconstruction of cultural contacts and trade relationships in the Eastern Mediterranean, as well as a comprehensive characterization of Rhodian pottery production.