Δρ. Florence Gaignerot-Driessen (Research associate at the French School at Athens and at the laboratory Archéorient, Director of the Anavlochos Project), "Before the polis: Recent discoveries at Anavlochos, Lasithi"
Anavlochos is a mountainous ridge located in the Lasithi region, in Eastern Crete and overlooking the village of Vrachasi and the Mirabello valley. Because of the length (ca 1200-650 BCE) of its residential occupation, its setting between the Late Bronze Age coastal settlements of Sissi and Malia and the Archaic poleis of Dreros and Milatos, as well as for the extent and nature of its remains, it represents an exceptional case-study for a crucial period of Greek history, that leading from palaces to poleis. After a 2-year (2015-2016) preliminary survey, the French School at Athens started a five-year (2017-2021) Program of systematic excavations at Anavlochos. By exploring simultaneously the residential, funerary, and religious places of ancient occupation, the Anavlochos Project aims at reconstructing the economic, social, and political organization of a Cretan pre-civic community. More specifically, the project seeks to examine the formation and transformation of the social groups established at Anavlochos in the Late Bronze Age-Early Iron Age period.
This lecture will present an overview of the main discoveries made during the first three campaigns of excavations: the tumuli and other funerary structures in the necropolis; a complete and separate district (the Quartier de la Forge) in the settlement; and a bench sanctuary located mid-way between the settlement and the necropolis, as well as two votive deposits established on the summit.
Dr. Florence Gaignerot-Driessen Research associate at the French School at Athens and at the laboratory Archéorient, Director of the Anavlochos Project. PhD in Greek archaeology from the University of Paris-Sorbonne in 2013. Temporary lecturer in archaeology and ancient history successively at the university of Picardy, at UCLouvain, and the Institut catholique de Paris. Various fellowships and in particular from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation at the University of Heidelberg. Participation in numerous excavations in Crete (Malia, Itanos, Eleutherna, Palaikastro, Sissi, Dréros) and Cyprus (Pyla-Kokkinokremos). Director of the Anavlochos Project since 2015, on behalf of the French School at Athens. Author of more than 50 publications on Late Bronze Age-Early Iron Age Crete. Among them a monograph on the Mirabello region in the Aegaeum Series and an edited volume entitled Cretan Cities: Formation and Transformation.