Nanno Marinatos (Professor, Department of Classics and Mediterranean Studies, University of Illinois at Chicago), “Thucydides and Pericles: Democracy and Empire”
Pericles has been traditionally identified with Athenian democracy but has also received criticism about the imperialism of Athens from modern historians. The issue is indeed complex since democracy contradicts tyranny over others. The problem is solved if one analyses Thucydides' own opinion. He is shown to be a partisan of Pericles and presents him as a political pragmatist who had a deep understanding of human nature, on the one hand, and benefits of justice, on the other.