Maria Rita Palombo & Eugenio Cerilli

Date: 
Thursday, May 10, 2018 -
19:00 to 20:00
Location: 
Αμφιθέατρο “Ι. Δρακόπουλος” Κεντρικό κτήριο Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών, Πανεπιστημίου 30
Event Description: 

Maria Rita Palombo, καθηγήτρια Πανεπιστημίου La Sapienza Ρώμης & Eugenio Cerilli, Muzeo Nationale Romano e l' Area Archeologica di Roma, Hominins and Elephants in the Pleistocene: a Lesson from the Mediterranean

The hominin-elephant interaction during the Lower Palaeolithic
number of studies, but the multifaceted aspects of the interaction
most of researchers dealing with this topic. Various sources
Palaeolithic hominins and proboscideans in Early and early
ecosystems, environments and climatic contexts. The hominin
difficult to ascertain due to the rarity of well identifiable
contemporaneous presence at any site of hominin artifacts
accidental or affected by taphonomic biases. To avoid misinterpretations,
whether the presence of artifacts should be actually connected
perform a use-wear analysis of the lithic implements. This may
by cutting or scraping soft as, for instance, meat and hide.
Middle Pleistocene sites document some butchery activities
species and phyletic lineages. Moreover, although each site
seem to be repeated through time and maybe across space.
of the main sites from the Mediterranean area (North Africa,
and proboscideans coexistence has been firmly documented,
activity, and to highlight similarities/differences in hominin
of environmental context, resource availability, and fauna functional
been grouped in three main categories, based on the completeness

carcass found in association with stone artefacts, and with
dispersed within a short distance; 2) Sites where a single
characterized by a high degree of disarticulation, tough
documenting a polyphasic accumulation of portions of carcasses

is an intriguing issue that has been the subject of a
dynamics are still imperfectly known and divide
of evidence point out the contemporaneous presence of
Middle Pleistocene in Africa and Eurasia in different
exploitation of elephant carcasses, however, is usually
cut-marks on the elephant bone surface, while the
and elephant bones (even if broken), may sometimes be
the best analytical approach to verify
with the presence of the carcass remains or not, is to
enable us to identify the processing of animal material
It is however indubitable that a number of Early and early
on elephant carcasses belonging to different proboscidean
has its own peculiarities, the same behavioural strategies
Our aim is to provide an inventory and a critical overview
Arabian Peninsula, and South Europe) where a hominin
to summarize the available evidence of elephant butchery
behaviour (if any) among elephant butchery sites in view
diversity. To facilitate the comparison, sites have
of the elephant skeletons. 1) Sites with single

some bones in anatomical connection and few others
carcass was butchered, but where the skeleton bones are
bones may occur dispersed over a small area; 3) Sites
or individual bones.