Dr. Signe Barfoed (Honorary Research Fellow, University of Kent), "Mycenaean Kalydon: Preliminary results of the new research project “Rediscovering Artemis”"
Kalydon in Aitolia was a prominent location in ancient Greek mythology. Homer’s description in the Iliad of the Kalydonian boar-hunt is probably the most famous myth, but Aitolia is also the setting of other well-known myths, for instance, the centaur Nessos’ fight with Herakles, which takes place at the river Evinos east of Kalydon.
Since the beginning of the 20th century archaeologists have been searching for the exact location of Homer’s Kalydon, but throughout the many years of the Danish-Greek collaboration in Kalydon only a few sherds of the Mycenaean period have been discovered at the site.
The new research project “Rediscovering Artemis” concerns the study and publication of the finds from the excavation of the Artemis Laphria sanctuary in Kalydon carried out by Konstantinos A. Rhomaios, Frederik Poulsen and Ejnar Dyggve in the 1920-30s. The publications of these explorations included the architecture, topography and architectural terracotta, but did not include the pottery and small finds, which were all meant to be published by Poulsen, who did not finish the work before his death in 1950.
Recently Mycenaean pottery was rediscovered in the large find assemblage from the 1920-30s excavations, and this talk is the first presentation of this Mycenaean material. The findspot of the Mycenaean assemblage will be discussed and contextualised, and it will be suggested that Kalydon now can be counted among the sparse Mycenaean settlements in the region of Aitolia.